Quality of Life and Depressive Symptoms in the Elderly Living in Community

  • Anna Mikaelly de Sousa Tavares Assis Student of Nursing, Federal University of Paraíba - UFPB, Brazil
  • Maria de Lourdes Farias Pontes Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Paraíba - UFPB, Brazil
  • Maria do Carmo Andrade Duarte de Farias Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Edilene Araújo Monteiro Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Paraíba - UFPB, Brazil
  • Cleane Rosa da Silva Student of Nursing, Federal University of Paraíba - UFPB, Brazil
  • Renata Rabelo Pereira Health Sciences Center, Federal University of Paraíba - UFPB, Brazil
  • Francisco Alírio da Silva Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Andréia Karla Anacleto de Sousa
  • Jéssica Moura Cartaxo
  • Ricardo Lourenço Coelho
  • Cláudia Jeane Lopes Pimenta

Abstract

Introduction: the elderly are affected by some chronic diseases that require comprehensive and continuous health care, among them depression, with disabling potential, compromising their quality of life. Objective: discovering the quality of life of seniors residing in community and their relationship with the symptoms of depression.

Method: a quantitative study, observational, cross-sectional, whose sample included 110 elderly with preserved cognitive conditions and who agreed to participate voluntarily. Data collection was conducted from October to December 2013. Statistical analysis was performed using the software Statiscal Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), version 20.

Results: the quality of life assessed by the WHOQOL-BREF obtained the highest score in the field of social relations (73.93) and lowest score in the environmental field (61.27). The WHOQOL-OLD showed a higher score in sensory abilities facet (76.19) and lowest score on the facet autonomy (61.47). The correlation of quality of life with depressive symptoms presented the psychological domain and facet social participation with strong and negative association.

Conclusion: the development of longitudinal studies becomes feasible for a better understanding of the phenomenon studied.

Published
Oct 21, 2015
How to Cite
ASSIS, Anna Mikaelly de Sousa Tavares et al. Quality of Life and Depressive Symptoms in the Elderly Living in Community. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 8, oct. 2015. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1349>. Date accessed: 04 june 2020. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1845.
Section
Psychiatry & Mental Health

Keywords

Quality of Life; Depression; Elderly; Geriatric Nursing.

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