Bipolar Disorder in Children and Adolescents: from the Beginning to the Consequences
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a condition characterized by an alternation between phases of depression and mania. Its beginning is influenced by both genetic and environmental factors, causing neurological and psychological changes. In children, it is manifested through episodes of mood disturbance and pronounced psychosocial impairment, causing sleeping disorders and presenting a high rate of suicidal ideals. It has a very complex treatment, since you cannot neglect or exacerbate neither the episodes of mania or depression, taking them both in consideration when choosing the right medication and monitoring the symptoms and response to treatment. It is also a disease which has not a well defined process of etiology and pathophysiology. This study is a current literature review of a recurrent disease in psychiatry.
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