Pediatric Facial Fractures: Case Series and Critical Review
Background: The purpose of the present study is to report twenty cases of children with facial fractures admitted to the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Hospital da Restauração/FUSAM – Recife/Brazil and review the English medical literature.
Methods and Findings: A retrospective case series study was developed. A total of 20 fractures were treated. Male was the main gender with average age of 8.7 years old. Motor vehicle accident was the main cause of injury (35%). Mandible fracture was the most common type of fracture (80%) and it was unilateral in 75% of cases. The sites most often affected were the symphysis (44%) and condyle (38%)
Conclusion: Facial fractures in pediatric patients present important repercussions of functional and aesthetics nature. The socioeconomic and environmental aspects directly influence the incidence of facial trauma in this period of life. The parental supervision directly affects the etiologic factors (fall and motor vehicle accidents) and can be used as a factor to prevent these conditions.
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