Pediatric Facial Fractures: Case Series and Critical Review

  • David Gomes de Alencar Gondim 1.São Leopoldo Mandic Institute and Research Center, Campinas, SP, Brazil ; 2. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Hospital Regional do Cariri, Juazeiro do Norte, CE, Brazil; 3. School of Dentistry, Leão Sampaio University;
  • Ricardo Viana Bessa-Nogueira Dental School, Federal University of Alagoas, Maceió, Brazil
  • Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito Vasconcelos Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Director, Master, PhD Programs, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Pernambuco, Recife, PE, Brazil;
  • Marcelo Fernando do Amaral Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Hospital de Urgência de Sergipe, Aracaju, SE, Brazil
  • Auremir Rocha Melo Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Hospital de Urgência de Sergipe, Aracaju, SE, Brazil;
  • Ivo Cavalcante Pita-Neto 1.Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Hospital Regional do Cariri, Juazeiro do Norte, CE, Brazil; 2.School of Dentistry, Leão Sampaio University
  • Antonio Marcos Montagner São Leopoldo Mandic Institute and Research Center, Campinas, SP, Brazil

Abstract

Background: The purpose of the present study is to report twenty cases of children with facial fractures admitted to the department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery at Hospital da Restauração/FUSAM – Recife/Brazil and review the English medical literature.

Methods and Findings: A retrospective case series study was developed. A total of 20 fractures were treated. Male was the main gender with average age of 8.7 years old. Motor vehicle accident was the main cause of injury (35%). Mandible fracture was the most common type of fracture (80%) and it was unilateral in 75% of cases. The sites most often affected were the symphysis (44%) and condyle (38%)

Conclusion: Facial fractures in pediatric patients present important repercussions of functional and aesthetics nature. The socioeconomic and environmental aspects directly influence the incidence of facial trauma in this period of life. The parental supervision directly affects the etiologic factors (fall and motor vehicle accidents) and can be used as a factor to prevent these conditions.

Published
Aug 20, 2015
How to Cite
DE ALENCAR GONDIM, David Gomes et al. Pediatric Facial Fractures: Case Series and Critical Review. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 8, aug. 2015. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1250>. Date accessed: 21 july 2018. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1795.
Section
Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery

Keywords

pediatric; mandible; treatment