Hypertension in Climacteric: Prevalence and Intensity of Symptoms

  • Jéssika Lacerda de Souza Nurse in the Mobile Emergency Service, MSU, Sousa, PB, Brazil.
  • Maria do Carmo Andrade Duarte de Farias Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Kennia Sibelly Marques de Abrantes Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Arieli Rodrigues Nóbrega Videres Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Renan Alves Silva Graduate-degree in Nursing, Federal University of Ceará. Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.
  • Marina Mendes Luiz Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Eliane de Sousa Leite Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Kévia Katiúcia Santos Bezerra Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Anne Milane Formiga Bezerra Nurse in the Mobile Emergency Service, MSU, Sousa, PB, Brazil.
  • Betânia Maria Pereira dos Santos Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Geofabio Sucupira Casimiro Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Veruscka Pedroza Barreto Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Anúbes Pereira de Castro Academic Unit of Nursing, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande. Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Luiz Carlos de Abreu Scientific Writing Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine of ABC, Santo Andre, SP, Brazil.
  • Maria Soraya Pereira Franco Adriano Federal University of Paraíba. João Pessoa, Paraíba, Brazil.

Abstract

Introduction: Menopause is a phase in the female life cycle marked by the end of menstruation, which some women experience in a healthy way, while others experience symptoms that vary in their diversity and intensity. One pathology that is evident in climacteric is systemic arterial hypertension (SAH), mainly during the postmenopausal phase. SAH is characterized by high blood pressure levels, which can trigger diseases.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of SAH and the intensity of symptoms in menopausal women in a city of Northeastern Brazil.

Method: This is a quantitative, cross-sectional study. Using a sample of 396 women between 40 and 60 years old, the study was performed at all family health units in the municipality of Cajazeiras-PB. The data were collected through structured interviews and were analyzed using the SPSS Statistics software package.

Results: The average age of the women interviewed was 50 (±5.801). They had, on average, 7 (±4.733) years of study and per capita incomes of 0.5 (±0.6958) times the minimum wage. A total of 69.9% (n = 277) had a fixed companion, and 51.8% (n = 205) were white. The prevalence of SAH was 35.1%. SAH was associated with age [OR: 2.164 (95% CI 1.417-3.306)], activity in the home [OR: 1.686 (95% CI 1.103-2.576)], overweight/obesity [OR: 2.748 (95% CI 1.738-4.343)], menopause/post-menopause [OR: 2.180 (95% CI 1.432-3.321)] and heightened symptomatology [OR: 3.143 (95% CI 1.608-6.146)]. The menopausal symptoms that were more prevalent in hypertensive subjects were arthralgia (84.9%), nervousness (84.2%) and fatigue (81.3%).

Conclusion: Women in climacteric deserve special attention from health professionals, especially if this phase is associated with any pathology, such as hypertension. It is important for health professionals to develop strategies for early diagnosis, prevention and health promotion for women in the climacteric phase. 

Published
Jul 9, 2015
How to Cite
SOUZA, Jéssika Lacerda de et al. Hypertension in Climacteric: Prevalence and Intensity of Symptoms. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 8, july 2015. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1214>. Date accessed: 11 dec. 2018. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1760.
Section
Epidemiology

Keywords

Climacteric; Menopause; Arterial Hypertension; Epidemiology.

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