Psychosomatic Symptoms, Smoking and Binge Drinking in Adolescence: a Nationwide Study in Greece
Aim: The present study aimed to investigate differences in smoking and binge drinking between adolescents with high and low levels of psychosomatic symptoms and explore the associations of adolescent smoking and binge drinking with self-reported psychosomatic symptoms in a large nationwide random school-based sample of Greek adolescents aged 12-18 years.
Method: Adolescents with high levels of psychosomatic symptoms were compared in terms of smoking, binge drinking, gender, age and socio-economic status to their peers with lower levels of psychosomatic symptoms. In order to evaluate the multiple effects of adolescents’ smoking, binge drinking and socio-demographic features on psychosomatic symptoms, a multiple logistic regression model was constructed.
Results: Adolescents with smoking and/or binge drinking practices reported higher levels of psychosomatic symptoms compared to peers with no experiences of such health-risk behaviours. Moreover, adolescents with smoking and/or binge drinking practices had an amplified risk for high levels of psychosomatic symptoms, revealing a significantly impaired psychosomatic functioning compared to abstainers.
Conclusions: Professionals in school and clinical settings should be cautious for smoking and binge drinking practices when assessing adolescents with high levels of psychosomatic symptoms, so as early identification of at-risk individuals and timely, appropriate care planning is facilitated.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).