Profile of Oral Health and susceptibility to Oral Candidiasis in Patients of Primary Health Care
Introduction: The yeasts of the genus Candida are fungi that can cause an infection called oral candidiasis, when there are conditions that favor their proliferation, as the example of immunosuppression and the bad habits of oral hygiene.
Objective: Profile oral health of patients seen in the Dental Office of the Family Health Strategy in São Bentinho–PB; and its relation with the susceptibility for oral candidiasis.
Method: The study is exploratory, descriptive, quantitative type, held from May to July 2014, with 152 patients of both genders, dental service users for monitoring/dental treatment. The data were collected in an interview guided by structured script. For treatment of the data SPSS was used, in order to provide the descriptive and analytical statistics; with the application of the X2 test there were correlated variables: age, gender, schooling and oral hygiene habits.
Results: Statistical dependence has been identified between the age and educational level (p = 0.003), age and gender (p = 0.002), age and brushing/day (p = 0.035) and education and brushing/day (p = 0.001); the average age of the participants was 30.29 (± 13.83), the majority were female (77.6%), in oral hygiene conditions evaluated on regular and disabled (86.8%); 82.2% presented caries; most (77.6%) had no use of mouthwash; 4.6% presented signs of oral candidiasis.
Conclusion: The sample investigated was exposed to several predisposing factors to Candida infections and, therefore, needs to be intensified the educational actions and oral health promotion aimed at this target population.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).