Profile of Oral Health and susceptibility to Oral Candidiasis in Patients of Primary Health Care

  • Anne Milane Formiga Bezerra Nurse in a Mobile Emergency Service, MSU, Sousa, PB, Brazil.
  • Maria do Carmo Andrade Duarte de Farias Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande, Cajazeiras, PB, Brazil.
  • Rosilene Agra da Silva Federal University of Campina Grande. Graduate-degree in Agroindustrial Systems, Pombal, PB, Brazil.
  • Patrício Borges Maracajá Federal University of Campina Grande. Graduate-degree in Agroindustrial Systems, Pombal, PB, Brazil.
  • Alfredina dos Santos Araújo Federal University of Campina Grande. Graduate-degree in Agroindustrial Systems, Pombal, PB, Brazil.
  • Antônio Fernandes Filho Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande, Cajazeiras, PB, Brazil.
  • Francisco Geyson Fontenele Albuquerque Student of Medicine, Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Sheylla Nadjane Batista Lacerda Teacher of Faculty Santa Maria, Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil.
  • Jéssika Lacerda de Souza Nurse in a Mobile Emergency Service, MSU, Sousa, PB, Brazil.
  • Kévia Katiúcia Santos Bezerra Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher Training Center, Federal University of Campina Grande, Cajazeiras, PB, Brazil.
  • Aucélia Cristina Soares de Belchior

Abstract

Introduction: The yeasts of the genus Candida are fungi that can cause an infection called oral candidiasis, when there are conditions that favor their proliferation, as the example of immunosuppression and the bad habits of oral hygiene.

Objective: Profile oral health of patients seen in the Dental Office of the Family Health Strategy in São Bentinho–PB; and its relation with the susceptibility for oral candidiasis.

Method: The study is exploratory, descriptive, quantitative type, held from May to July 2014, with 152 patients of both genders, dental service users for monitoring/dental treatment. The data were collected in an interview guided by structured script. For treatment of the data SPSS was used, in order to provide the descriptive and analytical statistics; with the application of the X2 test there were correlated variables: age, gender, schooling and oral hygiene habits.

Results: Statistical dependence has been identified between the age and educational level (p = 0.003), age and gender (p = 0.002), age and brushing/day (p = 0.035) and education and brushing/day (p = 0.001); the average age of the participants was 30.29 (± 13.83), the majority were female (77.6%), in oral hygiene conditions evaluated on regular and disabled (86.8%); 82.2% presented caries; most (77.6%) had no use of mouthwash; 4.6% presented signs of oral candidiasis.

Conclusion: The sample investigated was exposed to several predisposing factors to Candida infections and, therefore, needs to be intensified the educational actions and oral health promotion aimed at this target population.

Published
Jul 2, 2015
How to Cite
BEZERRA, Anne Milane Formiga et al. Profile of Oral Health and susceptibility to Oral Candidiasis in Patients of Primary Health Care. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 8, july 2015. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1199>. Date accessed: 17 jan. 2018. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1751.
Section
Dental Medicine

Keywords

Candida; Oral Candidiasis; Oral Health.

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