Sociodemographic Data and the Relationship with the Climacteric Symptomatology - Paraiba, Northeast of Brazil

  • Maria do Carmo Andrade Duarte de Farias Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Renan Alves Silva Federal University of Ceará.
  • Marina Mendes Luiz Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Rosimery Cruz de Oliveira Dantas Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Eliane de Sousa Leite Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Kévia Katiúcia Santos Bezerra Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Teacher training center, Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Anne Milane Formiga Bezerra Nurse in a Mobile Emergency Service, MSU, Sousa, PB, Brazil.
  • Platiny Benício Calou Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Helen Melo Oliveira Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Danielly Hallany Bessa Cavalcante Academic Unit of Life Sciences, Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Kennia Sibelly Marques de Abrantes Academic Unit of Nursing, Federal University of Campina Grande.
  • Luiz Carlos de Abreu Scientific Writing Laboratories, Faculty of Medicine of ABC, Santo Andre, SP, Brazil.

Abstract

Introduction: The climacteric is a natural phenomenon of the female physiology, experienced as a silent period or followed by symptoms.

Objectives: Identifying sociodemographic data and their influence on climacteric change; determining the prevalence of climacteric symptoms.

Method: A cross-sectional study conducted in the city of Cajazeiras, Paraíba, between January 2013 and March 2014, interviewing 390 climacteric women, through structured script. The factors associated with climacteric symptoms were identified by linear regression analysis (95%).

Results: The average age of the surveyed was 49.17 years old. The intensity of climacteric symptoms was associated to: the menopausal age (p = 0.048, CI: 0.001 to 0.149) and education (p = 0.003, CI: -0.254 to -0.051); being the most prevalent: 84.4% nervousness, arthralgia 78.2% and 76.4% sadness.

Conclusion: Due to insufficient socioeconomic status and the high prevalence of menopausal symptoms, we see the need for qualified and humanized care through a comprehensive and individualized care in order to improve the women’s quality of life.

Published
Jun 22, 2015
How to Cite
FARIAS, Maria do Carmo Andrade Duarte de et al. Sociodemographic Data and the Relationship with the Climacteric Symptomatology - Paraiba, Northeast of Brazil. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 8, june 2015. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1183>. Date accessed: 19 aug. 2019. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1740.
Section
Obstetrics & Gynecology

Keywords

Climacteric; Menopause; Social Conditions; Women’s Health.

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