Incidence of Violence Among the Elderly in a Family Health Center
Introduction: Violence is not considered a stigma of contemporary society, as it accompanies the man since ancient times and manifests itself in different ways and circumstances in each period. It is a socio-historical phenomenon that accompanies the whole mankind experience, although this has never been accepted as something intrinsic to the human condition.
Objective: Verify the incidence of violence among the elderly in Brazil.
Methods: Exploratory and descriptive field research, with a quantitative approach, conducted in a Family Health Center in Cajazeiras, Paraíba, Brazil. Data was collected in March and April 2014, using an instrument validated by the multicenter study Health, Well-Being, and Aging (SABE). This study was approved by the Ethics Committee of Research from University Santa Maria (FSM), under the Certificate of Submission for Ethical Appraisal (CAAE) n. 24982213.7.0000.5180.
Results: the sample presented a mean age of 73.68 years old, with a predominance of women (69.9%). We analyzed demographic data relative to age, gender, marital status, educational level, income, and hostility. The data on the prevalence of violence among the elderly indicate that the most frequent cases of mistreatment were those involving psychological or verbal violence (23.0%), followed by financial violence (10.6%), and physical violence (4.4%). Conclusion: It was found that any elderly individual may be victim of violence, especially when taking into account that this population group has been neglected both by the State and civil society. Descriptors: aging; Family Health Strategy; violence against the elderly.
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