Simplification on the Reduction of Comminuted Mandibular Fractures for Stable Internal Fixation

  • Ivo Cavalcante Pita Neto ABC Faculty of Medicine
  • Jeférson Martins Pereira Lucena Franco Leão Sampaio Faculty
  • Milana Drumont Ramos Santana ABC Faculty of Medicine
  • Hermes Melo Teixeira Batista ABC Faculty of Medicine
  • Eduardo Costa Studart Soares Ceará Federal University
  • David Gomes de Alencar Gondim Regional of Cariri Hospital
  • Francisco Aurélio Lucchesi Sandrini Regional of Cariri Hospital
  • Luiz Carlos de Abreu ABC Faculty of Medicine
  • Luciano Miller Reis Rodrigues ABC Faculty of Medicine

Abstract

Background: The fractures of the comminuted type have a prevalence of 30 to 50% when related to the ones affecting the mandibular bone. They are characterized by the presence of multiple bone fragments involving several lines of fracture, resulting in small fragments within the same area. Usually resulting from high-energy trauma, they cause large displacements, tooth loss, as well as associated lesions in soft tissues. Cases Reports: This study aimed to report two cases addressing the simplification method in the reduction of comminuted fractures treated by the method of open reduction and functionally stable fixation, which emphasized the importance of establishing a sequence of reduction maneuvers and application of osteosynthesis for a functional, occlusal and aesthetic result of the lower facial third. Conclusion: The simplification of mandibular comminuted fractures proves to be an excellent ally when one intends to reduce difficulties of reduction of the fracture and the dental occlusion on the transoperative, as well as to facilitate the application of 2.4 reconstruction plates.

Published
Jun 12, 2015
How to Cite
PITA NETO, Ivo Cavalcante et al. Simplification on the Reduction of Comminuted Mandibular Fractures for Stable Internal Fixation. International Archives of Medicine, [S.l.], v. 8, june 2015. ISSN 1755-7682. Available at: <http://imed.pub/ojs/index.php/iam/article/view/1173>. Date accessed: 22 nov. 2018. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.3823/1728.
Section
Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery

Keywords

fracture fixation; mandible; facial injuries

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