Motor Learning and Virtual Reality in Down Syndrome; a Literature Review
Down syndrome (DS) is caused by trisomy of human chromosome 21 (Hsa21) and results in a large number of phenotypes including learning difficulties, cardiac defects and distinguishing facial features. The purpose of this study was to analyse research findings about “motor learning” and “virtual reality” in patients with DS. Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed, Web of Science and BVS. Using key words, we searched for articles that included Down syndrome, virtual reality, and motor learning. Only studies on humans were eligible. The search identified seven relevant papers. Most studies showed that individuals with Down syndrome are able to learn new tasks, and that improvements can be enhanced via the use of virtual reality. We conclude that individuals with Down syndrome respond positively and effectively, with improvements in sensory motor control, when stimulated with tasks that are complementary to conventional therapy, including therapy involving virtual reality.
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