Compliance with antimicrobials de-escalation in septic patients and mortality rates
an old subject revisited
To compare the recent de-escalations rates with a six-year earlier study, and mortality associated with de-escalation.
A prospective multicenter study including septic patients, all were on broad-spectrum antimicrobials (BSA). Excluded from the study patients on antimicrobial prophylaxis, and patients without a microbiological diagnosis, or bacteria were solely BSA-susceptible. The study team made recommendations for antimicrobials de-escalation to the treating physician(s) must an opportunity loomed.
182 patients were available for analysis. De-escalation was achieved in 43 (24%) patients. The clinical diagnoses, comorbidities, commonly used antimicrobials, the microbiological diagnoses were not different between the two groups (patients with and without de-escalation). Logistic regression analysis showed no correlation between bacterial species and de-escalation (Nagelkerke R2 = 0.076). Relapsing sepsis and reinfection were not different (P > 0.05). The in-hospital mortality rates for the de-escalated patients were lower (P = 0.015), not on day 30 (P = 0.354). The length of the ICU stay and ward stay were not different (P >0.05), but more de-escalated patients were discharged home from the ICU (P = 0.034), however, patients without de-escalation were discharged more from the ward (P = 0.002).
De-escalation rates increased within six years from 6.7% - 24% (P = 0.000), with added benefits of shorter ICU stay and less in-hospital mortality
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).
This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.
Articles are published Under License of Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License ©
Copyright policies & self-archiving
|Author's Pre-print:||author can archive pre-print (ie pre-refereeing)|
|Author's Post-print:||author can archive post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing)|
|Publisher's Version/PDF:||author can archive publisher's version/PDF|