Prevalence of Clostridium diffiile infections among hospitalized patients in Amman, Jordan: A Multi-Center Study
Keywords:Clostridium diffiile Infection, CDI, Toxin A, Toxin B, Pseudomembraneous colitis, Antibiotic Associated Colitis.
AbstractClostridium diffiile is a Gram-positiveÂ endospore-forming bacillus that was discovered asÂ a bowel colonizer and pathogen in 1935. HealthyÂ newborns and infants were found to be colonizedÂ with C. diffiil eat rates ranging from 45 to 70%.Â However, the prevalence of toxigenic strains wasÂ found to be as low as 13%. The colonization ratesÂ decline as individuals grow older, reaching ratesÂ lower than 5% in urban-dwelling healthy adults.Â However, colonization rates as high as 25-55% hasÂ been detected among adult hospitalized patients
and nursing home residents
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